A runny nose significantly reduces the quality of life of any person. Most people in such situations resort to the help of special nasal drops and sprays. They differ both in their composition and in the mechanism of action and therapeutic effect.
Chemist 4U notes: the cause of nasal congestion is inflammation and swelling of the nasal passages. These symptoms accompany the development of rhinitis of a different nature. Decongestant nasal drops and sprays constrict blood vessels near the nasal passages. This reduces inflammation, relieves swelling, and makes breathing easier.
Chemist 4U dispenses several types of liquid nasal medicines. These include drugs that are applied through the nose. For the treatment of congestion, drops or spray may contain four types of active ingredients:
This category includes sprays and drops based on salt solutions. The mechanism of their action is more like a procedure for washing and cleaning the nasal passages. Allergens, dust and pathogens enter the nasal passage along with the inhaled air. The body reacts unambiguously and secretes mucus in order to get rid of irritants before they cause inflammation. Chemist 4U notes that saline drops and sprays work in a similar way. They help to evacuate mucus from the nasal passage and thus make breathing easier. However, many salt-based drops contain preservatives. This may cause irritation. Therefore, Chemist 4U strongly recommends that you consult your doctor before buying drops,
Some nasal sprays and drops contain corticosteroids to help relieve swelling. Most often, hormonal sprays are used to get rid of nasal congestion caused by an allergen or other irritant.
Contrary to popular belief, hormonal sprays are completely safe. They operate locally. Not absorbed into the systemic circulation. Do not harm the mucosa. Do not affect the blood vessels of the heart and brain. That is why they are allowed for long-term use.
The Chemist 4U pharmacy also contains antiallergic sprays containing antihistamine drugs. They relieve nasal congestion caused by the body’s immune response to the allergen. These elements chemically block histamine, which is responsible for the development of symptoms of the common cold. The peak of the use of such drops and sprays falls during the period of exacerbation of seasonal allergies.
The advantage of antihistamine sprays is the ability to apply the medicinal substance directly to the area of edema development. Using a nasal spray, the patient applies the drug locally. Chemist 4U notes that the use of such drugs helps to avoid unpleasant side effects. This is expressed in the form of drowsiness, irritability, distraction of attention, weakness. Similar side effects accompany the use of traditional antihistamines.
Most vasoconstrictor sprays contain oxymetazoline or xylometazoline. These substances are structural analogues of the hormone adrenaline, which in stressful situations causes an increase in blood pressure, increases the heart rate, and also constricts blood vessels. Thus, xylo- and oxymetazoline preparations are the most prescribed for influenza, colds and other respiratory diseases. They constrict blood vessels, reduce swelling, inflammation, and mucus production.
In conclusion of the review, Chemist 4U wishes you good health. But the most important thing to remember is that almost all diseases are psychosomatic. Medicines are an auxiliary tool. And they should be used only after consulting a doctor.